Valley City State University has a long and proud history; one that is told very well and in some detail in the book Cornerstones. This book, written by Dr. Donald H. Welsh and a group of retired faculty and staff in conjunction with the university's centennial celebration, was the primary source for the abbreviated history of the university and its presidents presented below. Copies of the book are available from VCSU's Office of Advancement at 800.532.8641, ext. 37203.
James W. Sifton
The Valley City State Normal School opened on October 13, 1890 with J.W. Sifton, M.A., Ph.D. (previously a pastor at the Valley City Congregational Church of Christ) as its principal. According to the Valley City Times-Record, its purpose was to give instruction in the Science and Art of Teaching to prepare teachers for the efficient discharge of their duties in the Public Schools of the State." With no legislative appropriation to support the school, it was initially housed in a room at the City High School, then moved to various locations around town. While the location and funding for a permanent facility was negotiated among various entities, Sifton surprised the school's Board of Directors when he suddenly resigned and "took the train for the west."
George A. McFarland
In December of his first year, the school moved from the McDonald Block into a building simply known as "the Main building," which over the years became known as "Old Main." Other construction during McFarland's tenure included two dormitories (East and West Halls), a science building with auditorium just west of Old Main (now known as Vangstad Auditorium) and an Industrial Arts building at the rear of the Main building. In 1920, the old wooden footbridge that joined campus with the city of Valley City was replaced with a steel wire suspension bridge that remains a prominent feature of the beautiful campus.
During McFarland's tenure, the school grew from 35 students and 9 faculty to 1,343 students and a 59 faculty. He retired in 1918 under political pressure from the Board of Regents but was widely praised for his performance and generally recognized as the "father" of the college. In recognition of his contributions, Old Main was renamed to McFarland Hall.
Carlos Eben Allen
Throughout the McFarland years, the Normal School offered one and two year certificates that qualified graduates to become teachers. In 1921, the school was authorized by the State Board of Education to extend its classes to four years and grant bachelor of arts degrees in education. With this, the "school" became a "college" -- the first teachers college in North Dakota. This led to the school's name being changed to the State Teachers College in Valley City.
One of the hallmarks of Dr. Allen's presidency was repeated requests to the state for funding for a badly needed college library. These requests were not to be granted until well after his tenure ended. When the facility was finally completed in 1952, then President Lokken would dedicate it to Dr. Allen by saying, "The college has long sought a library building to meet its needs. Wars and financial disturbances prevented previous administrations from realizing the goal. President Carlos E. Allen kept the hopes of the college alive from 1918 to 1936."
Joachim Frederick Weltzin III
A graduate of the Mayville State Teachers College and the University of North Dakota, Dr. Weltzin was the first president to have been born in North Dakota. His tenure was brief as he had incurred the wrath of then Governor Langer by taking part in public condemnations of the governor for his attempts to pressure university employees to make political contributions. Langer would eventually veto the entire appropriation for the college, requiring a special session of the Legislature to be called to re-pass the appropriation. Dr. Weltzin was granted a leave of absence shortly thereafter, and a faculty committee was given responsibility for administration of the school. Arthur Gamber, a Professor of History, observed this committee during one meeting and commented, "I've always thought this institution could get along without a president, and now I know it!"
James Emery Cox
Named as acting president during President Weltzin's leave of absence, Cox came to Valley City during some of the most financially difficult times in North Dakota history. An increase in enrollment combined with a decrease in appropriations caused severe financial hardship for the school. To make matters more difficult, the American Association of Teachers Colleges warned in 1939 that the school must show marked improvement within the next three years. His tenure ended three years later in 1942.
Eugene Henry Kleinpell
Dr. Kleinpell's presidency included all but a few months of the American participation in World War II. During this time, the College offered courses designed to fulfill shortages of men qualified in such areas as electricity, machines, and the principles of aerodynamics. Women were encouraged to pursue education for such fields as stenography, engineering, home economics, mathematics, meteorology and nursing. In 1943, the College was selected to take part in the V-12 Program to ensure the Navy of a flow of professionally trained men. Dr. Kleinpell left in 1946 to become the president of Wisconsin State Teachers College at River Falls.
Roscoe Leonard Lokken
Lokken brought a focus on accreditation as a testament to the quality of the University's teacher education programs. In 1946, the College was accredited by the American Association of Teachers Colleges, then in 1948 by the American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education (AACTE), then in 1959 by the North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools, and finally in 1954 by the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE). Since then the College has retained its accreditation without interruption, a remarkable track record of consistency meeting this gold standard of teacher education.
Although the University's emphasis remained teacher education, various bachelor's level and 2-year junior college programs were added or expanded over the years under Dr. Lokken to serve students who were pursuing other careers. In recognition of this, "Valley City State Teachers College" became "Valley City State College" in 1963.
Lokken is remembered as one of the "giants" who played a major role in building the school. Lokken Field is named in his honor.
Howard Coburn Rose
Dr. Rose is known for placing emphasis on the revitalization of the alumni program and establishing the V-500 scholarship program which remains today the primary source of academic scholarships for VCSU students.
Construction during his tenure included the L.D. Rhoades Science Center (which opened in 1973), Snoeyenbos Women's Dormitory (1971), and Theatre 320. Several academic programs were offered for the first time including a Bachelor of Arts degree for an art composite degree and a Bachelor of Science in Education in industrial education. An ROTC program was also established.
The DeVries years were characterized by several curriculum changes to keep up with world changes. New majors included medical technology, business aviation and computer science. An alternative learning program was initiated to improve services to non-traditional students. The College established a licensed day-care center that enabled older-than-average students to obtain a college education.
Recruitment was also strengthened, and freshman matriculations showed a sharp increase, particularly among students choosing one and two-year programs. Enrollment increased from 861 in 1975 to 1,217 in 1980. Retention efforts were also strengthened under DeVries, including new efforts to counsel students planning to drop-out or transfer.
Charles B. House
Changes in the name of the college were the hallmark of the tenure of Dr. House. First, the State Board of Higher Education changed "Valley City State College" to "State University of North Dakota - Valley City," but shortly thereafter, the 1987 legislature renamed the university to "Valley City State University."
These years also marked the retirement of various prominent staff members including Willis Osmon who retired in 1982 after serving as Athletic Director for 35 years. The college Fieldhouse was named in his honor, and Homecoming festivities still feature the annual "Osmon Fun Run."
Under a unique arrangement, Dr. Chaffee initially served as president of both VCSU and Mayville State University, but became dedicated solely to VCSU in 2002. Her tenure was marked by a number of innovative and progressive moves that earned national recognition and will define the university's personality for years to come. In 1996, VCSU began a program to apply technology to enhance the learning experience. A first step was to become a "laptop university" by implementing universal computer access for faculty and students. VCSU was only the second university in the nation to take this step. In 1998, VCSU was recognized on the list of "Best Colleges" published by U.S. News and World Report
and has continued to earn this recognition every year since. In 2005, VCSU reached a major milestone in its history when the State Board of Higher Education authorized the university to offer a Master of Education degree, marking the first significant change in the university's status since 1921 when it was authorized to offer bachelor's degrees. Dr. Chaffee retired in 2008.